Now that 2017 is wrapped up, a look back at what happened in drone world in 2017 and a look to what might happen in 2018 is warranted. While there were several exciting developments, this article will focus on a handful of those deemed among the most significant.
Drone usage, both recreational and commercial, continues to grow quickly. As drone usage grows, the need for regulations to permit the safe operation becomes more and more critical.
We have now competed the first full calendar year under Part 107, which became effective in August of 2016. Since August of 2016, the FAA has granted 1,448 waivers to Part 107.
This past year witnessed the first waiver by the FAA for operations beyond visual line of sight (“BVLOS”). To date, the FAA has granted four waivers for BVLOS.
The FAA has granted a total of eight waivers for operations over people, but three of those eight were granted to the same applicant, CNN.
Also in 2017, the FAA announced the UAS Integration Pilot Program (“IPP”). Per the FAA, “The UAS Integration Pilot Program is an opportunity for state, local, and tribal governments to partner with private sector entities, such as UAS operators or manufacturers, to accelerate safe UAS integration.” Moreover, in its announcement, the FAA stated: “The Program is expected to provide immediate opportunities for new and expanded commercial UAS operations, foster a meaningful dialogue on the balance between local and national interests related to UAS integration, and provide actionable information to the Department of Transportation (DOT) on expanded and universal integration of UAS into the National Airspace System (NAS).”
The FAA has established four objectives for the IPP:
- Accelerate the safe integration of UAS into the NAS by testing and validating new concepts of beyond visual line of sight operations in a controlled environment, focusing on detect and avoid technologies, command and control links, navigation, weather and human factors;
- Address ongoing concerns regarding the potential security and safety risks associated with UAS operating in close proximity to human beings and critical infrastructure by ensuring that operators communicate more effectively with Federal, State, local, and tribal law enforcement to enable law enforcement to determine if a UAS operation poses such a risk;
- Promote innovation in and development of the United States unmanned aviation industry, especially in sectors such as agriculture, emergency management, inspection, services, and transportation safety, in which there are significant public benefits to be gained from the deployment of UAS; and
- Identify the most effective models of balancing local and national interests in UAS integration.
In 2018, we will see a continued push from industry to enact regulations permitting BVLOS and operations over people, as well as a push from the industry to ensure safe operation of drones, including enhanced training and certification requirements for commercial operations.
The industry continues to move forward, albeit not as quickly as some would like on the regulatory side. That being said, it is still an exciting time to be involved in the world of drones, as the technology continues to evolve and the public sector continues to become more aware of the capabilities of this disruptive technology.
As 2018 unfolds, we will continue to monitor the key legal developments affecting drones in the United States.